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View Full Version : Die effek van plaasaanvalle op die land se ekonomie



456
06-30-2014, 07:42 PM
Every farm murder or attack costs South Africa's economy R1.93 million a year, the SA Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Sacci) says.

It said in a statement this figure was based on the annual contribution of the agricultural sector to the country's gross domestic product (GDP).

"Using the nominal GDP figure for 2009 of R2.4 trillion, a 3.22 percent contribution of agriculture to GDP and an estimate of 39,982 farms (as at 2007) in South Africa, the cost of a murder/attack on a farm, to the economy, was R1,932,869 per annum," Sacci said.

"This estimate assumes a permanent loss of the farming unit.

"Assuming that there is only a temporary loss of productivity of the farming unit, the loss to GDP is an estimated R161 072 per month."

Sacci said this was a modest, conservative approach to the impact of farm attacks on economic output.

"It is by no means a comprehensive estimate of economic impact of the attacks on farms or the direct, indirect and opportunity costs of such farm attacks."

It said its estimates did not factor in different types of farming (opting to use rather a standardised measure), the impact on domestic food security, the repercussions for the competitiveness of the South African agricultural sector, the impact on job security, and the opportunity cost of discouraged potential farmers.

"This calculation also assumes that all farming units contribute equally towards GDP and that the attack and/or murder always results in a productivity impact/down-time at the farm."

Sacci said these costs impeded South Africa's currently modest recovery from the global economic crisis.

"They constitute a hidden, but significant negative impact on small and medium sized enterprises in particular, and add to the cost of doing business.

"Sacci believes that it is imperative that the causes of the attacks and murders are immediately addressed, not only on moral and legal grounds, but also in the national economic interest."

Sacci said it would talk to the relevant authorities about developing strategies to curtail the alarming trend in farm attacks.

Unregistered
07-02-2014, 06:01 PM
By Rabelani Dagada

As I was contemplating this opinion piece, I remembered the old adage; if you tell a lie several times, you may end up believing it. Moreover, some of your listeners may start to believe your lie. That’s exactly what happened in Zimbabwe. The Zimbabwean government and its governing party’s propaganda created an impression that white farmers owned most of the country’s farming land. This was not true; Zimbabwean white farmers only owned about 20 percent of the land. The Zimbabwean government portrayed white farmers as the author of poverty among blacks. Again, this was not true because there were actually thriving black farmers in Zimbabwe, but their participation in farming was disrupted when the land grabs destroyed the value chain and agri-business. The government sponsored land grabs in Zimbabwe exacerbated poverty in that country.

There are lots of disturbing similarities between Zimbabwe and South Africa (SA). The South African public policy in agriculture and land affairs was meant to empower black people and to eradicate poverty. However, since the African National Congress’ (ANC) government introduced the minimum wage regime in the farming sector, more than one million jobs have been lost and the biggest losers are black farm workers. Where Zimbabwe once had a thriving agricultural sector, it has now been all but destroyed. This is also happening in SA – thanks to ill conceived public policy this country has now become a net importer of food and things are getting worse. While the Zanu PF government in Zimbabwe discouraged investors through its indigenisation policy (black empowerment), the South African government is contemplating a 50/50 redistribution land plan.

I don’t foresee the unconstitutional 50/50 redistribution land plan being implemented, but it has already created huge damage by discouraging foreign direct investments. Of course, local investments will also be negatively affected; farmers and banks will largely suspend investments in the agricultural sector due to policy uncertainty. Like the Zimbabwean farmers, some South African farmers will continue to leave this country. We used to have a thriving agricultural sector in SA, but our farmers have been forced into early retirement and migration. Twenty seven countries have approached the agricultural union, AgriSA to recruit our farmers to their countries. More than 800 South African commercial farmers have migrated to Mozambique; yes – SA is importing their products. Half of the farmers in Zambia are South Africans. Some foreign countries are offering 0% VAT on primary supply of agricultural products to our experienced farmers and some of these farmers have already benefited from the Georgian offer of 0% of property tax on property transaction.

The ANC and its government have created a narrative which portrays white farmers as thieves of land that rightfully belongs to the indigenous people of this country. Although these farmers benefited from the apartheid system, it disingenuous to attribute the 1913 Land Act to them; they were not yet born. On the other hand, the government’s bad public policy and corruption are responsible for escalating poverty in SA. It’s unfair to blame white farmers for the mismanagement of the land restitution; the blame should be attributed to the poor project management within the government. Most of the land that was attained by black farmers through the land restitution process is commercially redundant. The government failed to craft a Local Economic Development (LED) framework that will assist traditional communities to use the land commercially.

The Royal Bafokeng and Bakgatla-ba-Kgafela were able to formulate their own LED framework and governance structures. The upshot of this has been impressive economic development by these two traditional communities. My ‘thumb-suck’ estimations are that there are about 10 million beneficiaries of the land restitution policy who could maximise the acquired land commercially and become economically empowered. Interestingly, these people automatically acquired the mining rights when they received the land. It is very clear that the government has no plan for how to assist the people who have already acquired land.

If we are serious about fixing South Africa, we should create a public policy that would enable the ‘boer’ (farmer) to come back to farming and ‘maak ‘n plan’. Experienced farmers (white) and new (mostly black) farmers should work together. Black farmers will bring the land while their experienced counterparts bring their massive experience.

The ANC government and unions should start to appreciate the role of farmers in providing food security and creating jobs. Our public policy should be formulated in such a way that most experienced farmers can still own land because in the absence of land, banks won’t give them funding. Actually, all farmers should be given financial support and subsidies regardless of their race.

While the Asian countries and Europeans appreciate and empower their farmers, here in SA the ANC government treats them with contempt and suspicion; this should stop. Massive economic development in China and Asia were stimulated by a thriving agriculture sector. Growth in agriculture boosts productivity in manufacturing and services sectors – this leads to job creation.

Dagada is a Development Economist based at the Wits Business School. He is on Twitter: @Rabelani_Dagada

Unregistered
07-02-2014, 09:32 PM
Dankie #2 vir hierdie plasing- vandag gehoor hiervan op OFM op die 16:30 nuus . Ek het probeer kyk op die nuus media blaaie, maar kon geen artikel hieroor vind nie- is seker te "regs" vir hulle seining. Die feit bly 'n swart mens sal nie luister nie, hulle sal hierdie ou afmaak as 'n verraaier of "coconut", sal my nie verbaas as hy nog sy werk verloor nie, want die waarheid mag mos nie uitkom nie!

Die swartes is besig om hierdie hele ekonomie te vernietig , met hulle houding jeens wittes. Dit sluit in boere, besigheid en Jan alleman op straat. Verder wil hulle net die heeltyd staak, maak nie saak van die gevolge daarvan nie.

Een ding wat ek geleer het van 'n swarte- hy sal nooit na rede luister nie, ook al pleit jy by hom of dreig hom, dit skeel hom min. Die enigste ding waarop hy reageer is pyn. Daai pyn kan in verskillende maniere voorkom. In SA se geval gaan dit hongersnood wees, dan eers sal hulle wakker skrik, maar dit sal te laat wees... miskien ook vir ons......

Groetnis
Kasper

Jannie
07-02-2014, 09:55 PM
@Kasper - Die heel beste is as jy begin verduidelik kan jy onmiddelik sien sy oë word soos 'n "screen saver" en dan weet jy die rekenaar "slaap" fet-mooi-nokkol gaan in die hardeskyf in nie.

Unregistered
07-03-2014, 03:50 PM
Ai Jannie,

Nou lekker gelag vir daai een van jou. Ek moet saamstem, maar ek dink die groot probleem le by die "bios"- sien hy is van meet af foutiwelik geprogrameer (evolusie), gevolglik crash die CPU aanhoudend sodra hy meer as een instruksie bevel per sekonde moet verwek. Ons noem dit CPU instruction corruption. Enigste manier om dit te "herstel" is om alles van meet af te reset. Dit verduidelik jou teorie hoekom dit lyk of daai oe van hom in "screen saver mode" ingaan. Alles moet eers weer reset, net om weer dieselfde routine te hardloop en die CPU weer te crash!!!

Groetnis
Kasper

Lukas
07-13-2014, 09:55 PM
Die is omdat julle dit sonder mieliepitte probeer verduidelik. :)

Jannie
07-13-2014, 10:14 PM
Die is omdat julle dit sonder mieliepitte probeer verduidelik. :)

Verduidelik bietjie daai mieliepitte teorie van jou.

Lukas
07-15-2014, 05:52 AM
Jannie. ’n Boer oes een keer per jaar. Met daardie oes moet hy die volgende seisoen se saad, kunsmis en diesel aankoop. Hy moet daardie geld so verdeel dat hy vir die res van die jaar vir elke werker n salaris, verlof en ’n bonus kan gee, terwyl hy geen inkomste het nie. Hy moet voorsiening maak vir breuke op die trekkers en toerusting en hy moet volgende jaar se toename in insetkoste reg voorspel sodat hy daarvoor genoeg geld kan hê om die terugslae te oorleef.

Terselfdertyd weet hy nie of hy met hierdie jaar se oes volgende jaar se salarisverhogings kan bekostig nie en alles bly n onsekerheid tot hy geoes het. Dan begin die onsekerheid weer vir volgende jaar.

Wanneer ’n werker hierdie jaar van die boer steel, steel hy eintlik van al die werkers , iets van volgende jaar. Hy steel nie net van die boer nie maar hy steel die mense wat daar werk se lewe. Iemand sal een of nader tyd sy werk moet verloor omdat die geld verlede jaar gesteel was.

Wanneer jy dit met mieliepitte verduidelik asof die mieliepitte die geld van die oes is, kan hulle wanneer hy die hopie pitte verdeel, mooi sien hoe hulle lewens deur die diefstal en droogte benadeel kan word. Op een plaas waar ek met die werkers gepraat het, het hulle mekaar met die vuiste bygedam toe ek klaar was. Die wat op die plaas wou bly het die diewe van die plaas af gewerk.

In die meeste gevalle werk die praatjie. Ek het dit eendag met n man se werkers in van der Bijl Park gedoen. Hy het meer as 300 trokke op die pad en sy trokke was gereeld elke ses weke gekaap. Na die praatjie het die kapings gestop en steel die werkers nou net van die kliënte.

Ek glo as die kliënte ook met die opvoeding begin, dit ook een of ander tyd tot hulle eie voordeel sal wees. Wanneer jy die storie so aan hulle verduidelik dat jy ’n verbaasde Á,Á,Á, uit die werkers kry, weet jy dat jy ’n kolskoot getref het.

Ek het dit gister weer vir 'n swartman verduidelik. Hy was baie verbaas en hy se toe dat hy dit nooit geweet het nie. Hy vra my toe waarom die boere dit nooit vir hulle verduidelik nie.

Ons neem aan dat hulle dit verstaan. Maar hulle doen nie. Nie eers jou eie wit werkers besef waar die geld vir hulle salarisse vandaan kom nie. Wat my verstand vandag nog te bowe gaan, is dat die slim korporatiewe manne dit ook nie verstaan nie. Dit is ook die rede waarom die meeste mense wat uit die korporatiewe wêreld hulle eie besigheid op die been wil bring, binne maande bankrot word.

Miskien moet ons dit ook so aan ons wit werkers verduidelik. Na my ondervindinge van verlede jaar wonder ek ek of ons nie ons wit werkers se verstandelike vermoëns omtrent die werking van besigheid oorskat nie.

Weet ’n werker bv. dat jy, net omdat jy hom aanstel, reeds R5000 per kop aan al die regerings instansies se heffings moet betaal, voor jy sy salaris begin betaal ? Net om vir jou om hom aan te stel, kos jou geld. As jy 20 werkers het, betaal jy aan heffings reeds R100 000 per maand, net om hom in diens te neem. Daarna kyk jy eers na sy salaris.

Hoeveel geld moet die besigheid dan genereer om aan die eenkant die salarisse te baal, die oorhoofse kostes te dek, en dan moet jy genoeg geld uithou om sy salaris aan die einde van die jaar tydens sy verlof te dek. Jy moet genoeg geld maak om vir hom n bonus te gee en dan moet jy nog genoeg geld oorhê om weer nuwe besigheid te maak. En wat gebeur wanneer jy nie jou verkope begrotings maak nie ? Waar krap jy daardie tekorte uit ?

Jannie
07-15-2014, 07:27 AM
'n Goeie vergelyking, beslis. Ek't al voorheen gesê dat ek op 'n plaas groot geword het en ek verstaan baie mooi. Sommige jare het ek nuwe skool klere gekry en ander jare was dit maar boetie se "hand-me-downs" want dan was die oes nie goed nie en geld moes baie mooi gedeel en gebere word. My Oupa het 'n soortgelyke storie vertel met die hoopies grondbone wat gepak word en wat elke hoopie nou eintlik voor moet betaal - dan is daar die plante wat uitgetrek was maar nie in die hoopie beland het nie ens, maar ek kan dit nie mooi onthou nie. M.b.t. die SARS en CIPRO ens betalings, ons ouens wat besighede het en mense indiens neem is maar al te goed bewus van die "uitgawe".

Dankie, die vergelyking kan goed gebruik word.